Volcanoes and earthquakes occur very quickly throughout the world. They are caused by the movement of Tectonic Plates. The Earth’s crust is broken up into plates that float upon the hot molten rock mantle. The plates slide past each other, rub up against each other, and sometimes collide into each other. The results of such movements are earthquakes and volcanoes. These catastrophic events rearrange the land and sometimes produce floods, like in the case of the eruption of Mt. St. Helen. There are also records of new islands appearing in the Pacific Ocean. These islands are actually the tops of mountains that have been created by Tectonic Plates pushing against each other. These events upon the crust of the Earth occurred rapidly, and we have been able to observe the many changes of the Earth’s surface. It is believed by both evolutionary scientists and creation scientists that there was once one great continent. It was named Pangaea, which comes from ancient Greek meaning entire Earth. It is believed that the Earth’s crust cracked and formed the plates, which float on top of the molten rock mantle. The movement of the plates separated Pangaea into smaller continents. The Old Earth Darwinian Evolutionists believe that this event happened gradually beginning about 200 millions years ago, which is their Continental Drift Theory. Young Earth Creation Scientists believe that the division of Pangaea happened quickly about 4,000 years ago, and involved the rapid break up of the crust into plates. During this time great earthquakes occurred, molten lava and super hot water shot up from the cracks in the crust, which caused catastrophic flooding. They also believe that as plates collided, some of the Earth’s crust was pushed up to form huge mountain ranges like the Himalayas. Other areas of the crust sunk to become valleys and great ocean floors. Such events happen very rapidly today as the plates move, causing earthquakes, volcanoes, floods, and new mountaintop islands. So, why should we believe that the original event with the breaking up of Pangaea occurred gradually over 200 million years? Atheistic Darwinian evolutionists need their millions of years theories to excuse the lack of proof about their assumptions. Their imaginative ideas about the formation of the Earth and all life forms are not observable today. However, if the evolutionists explain that an event occurred millions of years ago, then they have an excuse for why it is not observable today. For instance, life does not spring from rain on rocks today, which they allege happened millions of years ago. Fish do not morph into or give birth to reptiles. Reptiles do not produce birds or mammals. Mammals such as apes do not give birth to humans or missing links. The Theory of Darwinian Evolution is not observable! However, the evolutionists stamp validity on their theory by using the imaginative phrase, “Millions of years ago.” Dr. John R. Baumgardner, PH.D. Has done a great deal of research about Plate Tectonics and Pangaea. In his presentation at the Fifth International Conference on Creationism, August 4-8, 2003 (Copyright 2003 by Creation Science Fellowship, Inc. Pittsburgh, PA USA) Dr. Baumgardner shared new data about plate tectonics that supported the record of the Genesis Flood. The following are exciting quotes from his presentation: “…the new awareness of the Earth’s interior could participate in the process and that the stiff layer of rock some 50 miles thick beneath the oceans could be recycled into the Earth, the stage was set for a breakthrough in regard to the mechanism for the Flood cataclysm. The crucial final piece of the puzzle has come from laboratory experiments that have carefully measured the way in which silicate minerals deform under conditions of high temperature and high stress.” “…it has been known that the phenomenon of thermal runaway can potentially occur in materials whose effective viscosity is described by an Arrhenius-like relationship…..Lithospheric slabs, because they display an average temperature some 1000K or more lower than that of the upper mantle but have a similar bulk chemical composition, are several percent denser that the surrounding upper mantle rock and therefore have a natural ability to sink. The gravitational body forces acting on a slab lead to high stresses, especially within the mechanical boundary layer surrounding the slab. As a slab sinks, most of its gravitational potential energy is released in the form of heat in these regions of high deformation….the weakening arising from heating can lead to an increased sinking rate, an increased heating rate, and greater weakening. This positive feedback associated with thermal weakening can result in runaway provided the criterion..” “Another indication that the uniformitarian time scale (Evolution’s Measurement) is faulty is the timing of the uplift of today’s continental mountain ranges. They point out that in most cases this uplift was preceded by widespread regional erosional planation of the land surface…..they simply cannot take the obvious logical step of concluding the recent uplift reflects systematic and large-scale isostatic adjustment following massive recent changes ns crustal thickness. They reject conventional plate tectonics as an adequate explanation, because its time scale is too long and its rates are too small. Catastrophic plate tectonics, however, not only solves the time scale problem, but it also accounts for the widespread erosional planation, provides the mechanism for large local changes in crustal thickness, and explains why the uplifts occurred simultaneously….another type of evidence for recent global tectonic catastrophe is the large magnitude of the temperature anomalies inferred for the rock near the bottom of the mantle.” The historical record in the book of Genesis supports the above mentioned scientific evidence: 1. There was once only one continent of dry earth. Genesis 1: 9&10 “Then God said, ‘Let the waters under the heavens be gathered together into one place, and let the dry land appear,’ and it was so. And God called the dry land Earth, and gathering together of the waters He called Seas.” 2. The earth cracked and broke open causing water to shoot out from under the earth, as well as to rain from the sky. Genesis 7:11b &12 “…on that day all the fountains of the great deep were broken up, and the windows of heaven were opened. And the rain was on the earth forty days and forty nights.” 3. A great flood covered the earth and left fossil records of marine life on top of the Himalayan Mountains, Mount Everest, and other great mountain ranges on the Earth. Genesis 7:17-20, 24 “Now the flood was on the earth forty days. The waters increased and lifted up the ark, and it rose high above the earth. The waters prevailed and greatly increased on the earth, and the ark moved about on the surface of the waters. And the waters prevailed exceedingly on the earth, and all the high hills under the whole heaven were covered. The waters prevailed fifteen cubits upward, and the mountains were covered. And the waters prevailed on the earth one hundred and fifty days.”